The Secular and The Sacred: Complementary and/or Conflictual?

SCCC(Washington DC: The Council for Research in Values and Philosophy, 2017, ISBN 978-156-518-320-9) Introduction (PDF)

The issue of the relation of the sacred to the secular has become paramount in virtually every country in the world. From church-state relations in the US, with the debates around abortion and same-sex marriage, to the vitriolic discussions in France over the veil (hijab) – sacred-secular, faith-reason, transcendence-imminence — impacts every aspect of personal, social, and political life. Indeed, the questions often asked is whether Huntington’s, Clash of Civilizations is today’s reality? Is clash and conflict inevitable?

This volume collects papers from scholars from all around the globe and digs into that question. Do the sacred and the secular necessarily end in conflict? Building on scholars such as Charles Taylor, Hans-Georg Gadamer, Jurgen Habermaus, and John Rawls, as well as the world’s great religious traditions, the authors assembled here respond with a nuanced, but resounding, No. A deeper read demands the possibility, indeed, necessity, of complementarity. It has become ever more urgent to discover the proper and complementary relation between the two so that both can be promoted through mutual collaboration. The deeper implications of the discussion can be perceived in many current global problems: cultural identity, multiculturalism, pluralism, nationalism, economic inequality, race, terrorism, migration, public education, and climate change.

The volume unfolds in seven sections: Foundations; Sacred and Secular: Complement or Conflict; Hermeneutics; African traditions; South Asian Traditions; Chinese Traditions; and Islamic Traditions. It is fascinating to observe how the various authors grapple with unfolding the relation of sacred/secular, faith/reason, church-mosque/state, transcendence/imminence. It is, indeed, a grappling to which we are all called. Our globe needs it!


From Rumi to Nietzsche


(Qom: Sulok-e Javan: 1386/2007 Solar Hejri, ISBN 964-9958-01-0)

A collection of comparative articles seeking to dialogue between among tradition, modernity and postmodernity by selecting human subjects such as life, human rights, intuition, religion, rationality and freedom. Mawlana and Suhravardi are selected from traditional world and Kant from modern world and Nietzsche and Heidegger from postmodern world. These articles presented before in international conferences, and because of the new reading from the above-said philosophers, they were very welcomed (pleasant).


The Philosophical discourse between Islam and the West


(Qom: Al-Mustafa International University, 1387/2008, ISBN 978-964-195-005-9)

This book has a comparative approach in the subjects of being, time, causality, the arguments for the existence of God, the meaning of religious language between transcendental wisdom and some of western well-known philosophers such as Heidegger, Bergson, Hume, Kant and linguistic analysis philosophers.


The Tradition of Enlightenment in the West and Islam



(Tehran: Amir Kabir, 1389/2009, ISBN 978-964-00-1231-4)

This book make a comparison between the Islamic peripatetic philosophy and the enlightenment philosophy of the eighteenth century, in detail. That means it is seeking to present a philosophical reading from the western modernity and enlightened intellectual reading from the Islamic philosophy. In the fact, this book criticizes two dominated thinking on the Islamic world: this fact that the outrace of Islamic philosophy is transcendent wisdom and the matter that Islamic philosophy is not but Islamic theology and accordingly philosophy. Also, it has a positivistic look at the enlightenment philosophy and its latent redeemer matters.


From Tradition of Balkh to Modernity of Paris



(Kabul: Nebras Research Institute, 1389/2010, B745.N49 A44 2011)

This book includes studies series about controversial issues related to Afghani understanding of Islam and the Western culture. The first study is about differences and commonalities among literature, philosophy and criticism. The second one analyzes the view of three significant philosophers and Theologians: Abu Zaid Balkhi, Abu Al-Qasim Balkhi, and Abu Al-Mansor Maturidi. Their ideas are representative of Afghani philosophy and culture and remain still useful. This study shows how we can apply their ideas of rationality forward understanding of various cultures. Last two studies examine Al-Afghani’s notions of about the confrontation between civilizations and his concept of the Western progress. The topics of the other studies are as follows: political opinions of al-Farabi and Machiavelli; philosophical methods of Avicenna and the enlightenment philosophers; idea of Progress in Averroes and modern philosophy;  moral views of Abu Hamid al-Ghazzali and Jon Jack Rousseau; and the principles of Modernity in Mawlana or Rumi’s doctrines.  As a conclusion, the book develops ideas about Westernization, Modernization, and dialogue among cultures based on Afghanistan intellectual history.


Life After Death, Resurrection, Judgment and the Final Destiny of the Soul: Volume 1


Chicago: Kazi Publications; Reprint edition (October 1, 2015), ISBN-10: 1567445500, ISBN-13: 978-1567445503

(Translating 9 chapters from Persian into English)

Belief in life after death gives meaning to life and illuminates the purpose of the creation of man. That is the reason it is one of the five fundamental pillars of Islamic tradition, without which other pillars become meaningless. The essential question, therefore, is what was the purpose of man s creation? Where will he go after death, and what is awaiting him there? The question of life after death and the uncertainty of what lies beyond have preoccupied man s mind since the beginning of creation. Is there life after death, and if there is, what are its peculiar characteristics? Where is the Hereafter, and how different or similar is it in comparison with man s life in this world? What is awaiting man in the Hereafter? What is the relationship between man s conduct on earth and his condition after death? When is the end of time and the Day of Resurrection? How is man revived and resurrected after he has perished? Is resurrection physical, spiritual, or both? How will the Day of Judgment unfold, and how will God judge believers and non-believers? And finally, how will man eventually meet his Creator?